Have you got a Notice/Intimation under Section (u/s) 245 of Income Tax Act 1961 from Income Tax department? Even after paying 30% of your income as taxes to the government, they are still sending notices. It’s frustrating isn’t it? But, what can be done sir? When a notice is received, one has to patiently understand the contents, reasons and respond. In the recent past, Notice u/s 245 is most talked about. Almost all the taxpayers have received this notice.
Section 245 of Income Tax Act allows the department to set off of refunds against tax remaining payable. If a refund is due to taxpayer, the tax department, in lieu of payment of the refunds, set off the amount against old/previous outstanding dues, if any. For example, Mr. Aravind has to get a refund of Rs.10000 for the financial year ending March 2014. So, in the normal course, the department has to issue refund cheque, isn’t it? But as per Income Tax records; there was a due of Rs.3000 from him for the financial year ending March 2012. Is it not fair on the part of the department to adjust the old outstanding dues while refunding the amount? They have to pay Rs.7000 isn’t it?
That is what the department was doing without informing the taxpayer about adjusting the old dues. However, as per the Law, no adjustment of refund due to assessee can be made without serving a proper notice and without giving a proper opportunity to the taxpayer. In case of ‘Court On its own motion Vs CIT (2013)’ the Delhi High Court directed the Income Tax department to follow the procedure of issuing notice u/s 245 to the taxpayer and giving him sufficient time to respond.
The court in its judgment mentioned that –
- The respondents (the department) accept and admit the position that wrong and incorrect demands have been uploaded in the CPC, Bengaluru.
- The respondents have not followed the mandate and requirement of Section 245 of the Act before making the adjustment.
- CPC, Bengaluru did not entertain or accept any application of the assessee questioning past arrears uploaded in their system as they are not custodian of past records.
- Assessing Officer similarly did not entertain any application by the assessee on the ground that the order under Section 143(1) was passed by the CPC, Bengaluru and they do not have the files/return with them
Based on the above judgment, the Income Tax issued Instruction No.6/2013 stating that all procedures lapses will be made good.
Thus, wherever tax dues are appearing in the taxpayers account, the department (including CPC, Bangalore) makes a point to send across Notice u/s 245 for arrears demand asking the taxpayers to respond to the dues and make necessary rectification. After hearing from the assessee, the department will go ahead and adjust the outstanding dues, if any against the Tax refunds.
Those who have received notice u/s 245 may kindly check the outstanding dues and respond within 30 days to the department. Delay in response may give an opportunity for the department to adjust the dues. [ Read: How to check your Outstanding Income Tax Demand appearing in e-Filing portal and submit response to Outstanding Tax Demand ]
Thought for the day
The less you respond to negative people, the more peaceful your life will become. In case of Income Tax it’s a little different – timely response will help you in peaceful living!
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Frequently Asked Question (FAQ) on Intimation of Demand u/s 245 of Income Tax Act
How do I know if the Demand is already adjusted at CPC against subsequent refund claim?
If the Arrear Demand as notified and accepted is subsequently adjusted at CPC, the transaction against the PAN will be reflected as a Minor Head 400 challan payment through Tax Payer Payments (OLTAS) and will be visible in the OLTAS system providing information on the same. Alternatively, tax payer can check the entries in From 26 AS.
I didn’t received Demand Order/Intimation u/s 143(1) to check nature of demand? What should I do now?
Tax payer can file online request for intimation of demand. There are two ways a taxpayer can place an intimation resend request
- Efiling -Assessee can use the Efiling site to place a resend request.
- CPC Customer Service- Assessee can call CPC toll free no. 18004252229 and request for a resend request.
However, if the Demand Pertaining to or raised by Assessing Officer (AO), he has to Contact Local AO.
Why is demand raised due to tax credit mismatch, even though I have claimed Tax as per form 16/16A/26AS (AT, SAT, TDS and TCS)?
Following could be the reasons
- Tax Deducted amount has not been deposited by the Deductor
- Deducted Tax has been deposited after the return processed by the deductor
- Tax Deposited Partially by the deductor
- Tax Deposited under Wrong PAN by the deductor
- Taxes paid under wrong minor/major head
- Taxes paid for the Incorrect Assessment Year
- Partial Tax Paid/Taxes is not as per Tax claiming / order
- Tax Credit Claimed under incorrect ITR Schedules
- As per Form 26 AS Tax Credit Status shows other than F (Final).
Please revisit Form 26AS and Rectify as per collections by filing Revised/Rectification Return. For further clarification please call CPC Customer Care No.1800 425 2229
Why did I receive an email notice u/s 245 from Central Processing Centre (CPC), Bangalore
This notice indicates that the return under processing has resulted in a refund. CPC proposes to adjust this refund against outstanding demand as indicated in the notice.
What should I do if demand as per notice u/s 245 from CPC is correct?
The response can be submitted in the e-filing website under MY Account -> Outstanding tax demand screen. You can download, Income tax department manual on Response to Outstanding Tax Demand, to know detailed process of submitting the response to outstanding tax demand.
What should I do if proposed adjustment of refund against incorrect demand shown in the notice u/ 245 from CPC?
Still have doubts? raise your query in the comment section below. Alternatively you can mail it to email@example.com
Other Articles on CPC Communication
- Different type of communication letters sent by Central Processing Center (CPC)
- Step by Step procedure to handle notice received u/s 245 of Income Tax
- Frequently asked question FAQ on CPC Communication
- How to submit online grievance relating to CPC and efiling of Income tax Return
- Check your outstanding Income Tax Demand
- How to submit grievances to Income Tax Ombudsman?